Rights of the Child

The text for the United Nations’ Declaration of the Rights of the Child follows below. This is the basis against which we will partly evaluate your work towards the Award.

Adopted by UN General Assembly Resolution 1386 (XIV) of 10 December 1959

WHEREAS the peoples of the United Nations have, in the Charter, reaffirmed their faith in fundamental human rights and in the dignity and worth of the human person, and have determined to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom,

WHEREAS the United Nations has, in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, proclaimed that everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth therein, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status,

WHEREAS the child, by reason of his physical and mental immaturity, needs special safeguards and care, including appropriate legal protection, before as well as after birth,

WHEREAS the need for such special safeguards has been stated in the Geneva Declaration of the Rights of the Child of 1924, and recognized in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and in the statutes of specialized agencies and international organizations concerned with the welfare of children,

WHEREAS mankind owes to the child the best it has to give,

Now, therefore, The General Assembly Proclaims THIS DECLARATION OF THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD to the end that he may have a happy childhood and enjoy for his own good and for the good of society the rights and freedoms herein set forth, and calls upon parents, upon men and women as individuals, and upon voluntary organizations, local authorities and national Governments to recognize these rights and strive for their observance by legislative and other measures progressively taken in accordance with the following principles:

The child shall enjoy all the rights set forth in this Declaration. Every child, without any exception whatsoever, shall be entitled to these rights, without distinction or discrimination on account of race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status, whether of himself or of his family.

Overall, highest levels of inclusion

  1. Organisation responds well to issues of inclusion for specific individuals
  2. Organisation plans for issues of inclusion for individuals and groups
  3. Organisation actively supports and promotes inclusion through training of staff and external links, and gives examples to evidence its commitment.

The child shall enjoy special protection, and shall be given opportunities and facilities, by law and by other means, to enable him to develop physically, mentally, morally, spiritually and socially in a healthy and normal manner and in conditions of freedom and dignity. In the enactment of laws for this purpose, the best interests of the child shall be the paramount consideration.

Protection from bullying.

  1. Organisation responds well to issues relating to bullying, racism and homophobia in specific instances.
  2. Organisation plans for issues relating to bullying, racism and homophobia for individuals and groups.
  3. Organisation actively supports and promotes policies relating to dealing with bullying, racism and homophobia through training of staff and external links, and gives examples to evidence its commitment.

The child shall be entitled from his birth to a name and a nationality.

All children use their birth names and are aware of their nationality.

  1. Organisation avoids nicknames that are derogatory
  2. Organisation is aware of their children’s’ backgrounds
  3. Organisation ensures children are formally and informally taught about their culture, creed and nationality The child shall enjoy the benefits of social security. He shall be entitled to grow and develop in health; to this end, special care and protection shall be provided both to him and to his mother, including adequate pre-natal and post-natal care.

The child shall have the right to adequate nutrition, housing, recreation and medical services.

Food, housing, recreation and medical services.

  1. Organisation deals with issues relating to a lack of food, housing, recreation and medical services as they occur for individuals.
  2. Organisation has effective plans to deal with issues relating to a lack of food, housing, recreation and medical services as they occur for individuals and groups.
  3. Organisation actively supports and promotes policies relating to dealing with issues relating to a lack of food, housing, recreation and medical services for individuals and groups and has successful multi-agency links.

The child who is physically, mentally or socially handicapped shall be given the special treatment, education and care required by his particular condition. SEN.

  1. Organisation has some awareness of children with additional needs.
  2. Organisation has policies for diagnosing issues relating to additional needs
  3. Organisation addresses the needs of all children

The child, for the full and harmonious development of his personality, needs love and understanding. He shall, wherever possible, grow up in the care and under the responsibility of his parents, and, in any case, in an atmosphere of affection and of moral and material security; a child of tender years shall not, save in exceptional circumstances, be separated from his mother. Society and the public authorities shall have the duty to extend particular care to children without a family and to those without adequate means of support. Payment of State and other assistance towards the maintenance of children of large families is desirable.

Access to care

  1. Organisation deals with individual care needs as they occur.
  2. Organisation plans for issues relating to the care needs of individuals and groups.
  3. Organisation actively supports and promotes policies relating to dealing with issues relating to care for all and has successful multi-agency links.

The child is entitled to receive education, which shall be free and compulsory, at least in the elementary stages. He shall be given an education, which will promote his general culture and enable him, on a basis of equal opportunity, to develop his abilities, his individual judgement, and his sense of moral and social responsibility, and to become a useful member of society. The best interests of the child shall be the guiding principle of those responsible for his education and guidance; that responsibility lies in the first place with his parents. The child shall have full opportunity for play and recreation, which should be directed to the same purposes as education; society and the public authorities shall endeavour to promote the enjoyment of this right.

Develop an individual sense of right and wrong.

  1. Organisation deals with individual issues relating to moral issues as they occur.
  2. Organisation plans for issues relating to the development of a sense of morality of individuals and groups.
  3. Organisation actively supports and promotes policies relating to dealing with issues relating to the development of a sense of morality for all and has successful multi-agency links.

The child shall in all circumstances be among the first to receive protection and relief.

Safeguarding.

  1. Organisation deals with issues relating to safeguarding as they occur for individuals as they occur.
  2. Organisation plans for issues relating to the safeguarding of individuals and groups.
  3. Organisation actively supports and promotes policies relating to dealing with issues relating to the safeguarding for all and have successful multi-agency links.

The child shall be protected against all forms of neglect, cruelty and exploitation. He shall not be the subject of traffic, in any form. The child shall not be admitted to employment before an appropriate minimum age; he shall in no case be caused or permitted to engage in any occupation or employment, which would prejudice his health or education, or interfere with his physical, mental or moral development.

Child Protection.

  1. Organisation deals with individual issues relating to child protection as they occur.
  2. Organisation plans for issues relating to child protection of individuals and groups.
  3. Organisation actively supports and promotes policies relating to dealing with issues relating to child protection for all and have successful multi-agency links.

The child shall be protected from practices which may foster racial, religious and any other form of discrimination. He shall be brought up in a spirit of understanding, tolerance, friendship among peoples, peace and universal brotherhood, and in full consciousness that his energy and talents should be devoted to the service of his fellow men.

Awareness of other cultures and religions

  1. Organisation deals with issues relating to other cultures and religions as they occur
  2. Organisation plans for issues relating to other cultures and religions
  3. Organisation ensures children are formally and informally taught about other cultures and religions. A portfolio of evidence linked to the 10 areas will be produced with examples to support the submission. This can be in the form of endorsements from external agencies, with specific incidents involving children, staff and parents, or from structures within the organisation.